American Action Fund for Blind Children and Adults
Future Reflections
       Fall 2015      EARLY CHILDHOOD

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Manners Matter
(Excuse Me, but They Do!)

by Mary McDonach

Reprinted courtesy of <>

A young boy picks his nose--an example of why manners matter.From the Editor: Mary McDonach of Scotland is the mother of a blind daughter. She writes about raising a blind child with thoughtfulness, humor, and wisdom. This article can be found at <>.

Behaving properly is like playing a game. You need to learn the rules in order to fit into society.

And there are so many rules!

As the parent of a visually impaired child, you could argue that other people should simply recognize your child's limitations and make exceptions for him. However convenient this idea may be, though, you would be forgetting the massive benefits your child could accrue simply by knowing the rules and playing the game properly.

Do your child a favor! Don't excuse her behavior; correct it!

We are all impressed when we meet children who are well-behaved and well-mannered. It's easier to like children who conform to our social expectations. They seem less strange to us.

This is a good thing. Children are vulnerable on any number of fronts. If, by social shorthand, they can make adults or other children feel comfortable quickly, if their behavior and mannerisms are easily understood, this leads to quick acceptance that allows them to form strong, positive relationships in new groups. This builds to a transferable skill that will serve them well throughout their lives and lead to more confident personalities.

Of course, our blind or visually impaired children need the benefits that this behavior brings, but they are significantly disadvantaged compared to most sighted children in their ability to learn and use good manners easily and effectively. They do not see the myriad visual gestures and expressions that teach sighted kids about social competence. Nevertheless, blind and visually impaired children have at least as much need to understand and utilize this behavior as other children do, if not more.

Like all taught behaviors, good manners are first learned and practiced within the family, where mistakes can easily be corrected. Here are a few tips to help you teach your child the fundamentals of good manners.

Children learn most directly from our behavior.

If you never thank your child, then, seriously, what are the chances that your child will learn speech patterns that naturally incorporate this small but significant pleasantry?

Teach your child about the importance of facial expressions.

It can be much more difficult for a blind or visually impaired child to stop feelings of distaste, dislike, disbelief, or boredom from showing plainly on his face. As parents we are in a great position to help our kids develop the social façade that sighted kids readily adopt.

Almost all examples of good manners have a logical, functional root.

For blind and visually impaired children, polite phrases, and of course a host of other parts of speech we perceive as being good manners, can offer a shortcut to meanings and bookmark conversations. For instance, when you are at a door with someone else and you wave them ahead of you saying, "After you," you are saving yourself the confusion and banged head you both get trying to pass through the same door at the same time. When you address someone by their name, "How are you, John?" you get a much quicker response than when you call, "Hey, you!" When you don't know a person's name, even, "Excuse me!" works faster. It can be really useful to explain the functions of polite behaviors to your child, because if it makes sense to do a particular thing, she is more likely to do it.

Children love rules.

A guideline is not a guideline in the hands of an enthusiastic child; it's an incontrovertible law. Children love to point out when others break that law (a friend's kid brother even went to the trouble of pointing out the dog's bad manners by telling her, "Be ashamed of yourself!") You should be aware that, once the pattern is set, it may take an act of God to stop your child from correcting the manners of your friends and neighbors (until, of course, he understands that "good manners" prohibit him correcting someone else's manners!).

Fill in the visual clues and cues your child is missing.

Imagine this scenario: In a restaurant, your spouse holds out his fork and indicates with a beseeching look that he'd like to taste the appetizing meal on your plate. You nod your acquiescence, and he serves himself a bite. That's common behavior. Mimicking the same move, however, your child will have missed the nonverbal part and gone straight for your plate, which seems rude and ill-mannered to everyone but you.

It may initially appear like a good idea to cut out the nonverbal communications, but your child will live in a sight-oriented world. It's better for you to explain all that is happening so he develops an understanding of the social niceties than for you to change your behavior to accommodate his visual acuity. No one else will.

Good manners at mealtimes are essential and are most easily learned in childhood.

Undoubtedly, being blind or visually impaired will not hamper our children from growing into great adults, but who wants to share mealtimes with a great adult who always finishes a meal wearing the food? Sighted children do not magically learn how to behave at mealtimes; they gradually learn which behaviors are acceptable by watching what is going on around them. When a parent tells them not to chew with an open mouth, they can immediately see that other people close their mouths to eat. Blind or visually impaired children, on the other hand, need more verbal prompting and reminders because they cannot see the behavior to model. It is essential to remember, however, that the main purpose of having a family meal is to enjoy the company of each other whilst you eat. Suggestions and observations, encouragement and cajoling, all have their place here; criticism and anger do not!

Some situations have developed very structured rules and conditions that have, over time, become social imperatives.

The good thing for children learning about the rules in these situations is precisely that they are so rigid; it can be like learning a dance. A great example of this, for me, is the Catholic Mass. There is an emphasis on procedure and order which, once learned, has a rhythm and discipline never forgotten. Often churches and chapels have an area designated for children, the elderly, and other people who may need assistance. This is an ideal place for a blind or visually impaired child to learn the rudiments of the behavior expected of him whilst receiving the verbal prompts he needs without disruption to the main congregation.

Help your child understand that appropriate behavior is often situation dependent.

Your eight-year-old boy may be able to entertain his brothers (and probably every other male within earshot) by passing wind to the tune of "Mission Impossible," but how impressed will other people be when he does it on the bus--or (horror!) at church? You don't want the entire congregation thinking your child is a wild animal! Contrary to popular belief, the secret of humor is often not in timing but in knowing your audience!

Teach your child that some places have very strict social rules.

A good example of this is almost any situation involving a toilet. Public washrooms, in particular, have rigid rules governing behavior and manners that we, as sighted adults, rarely have cause to consider. Voices are kept muted, the queue order is rarely decided on need, and all undressing and subsequent redressing are completed within the toilet cubicle. Every one of these common ways of behaving within a public washroom is self-explanatory. Your child will need time, practice, and good reason to become adept at this.

In this type of situation, it is very important that your child is able to follow the rules. People become very uncomfortable with breaches precisely because some behaviors are so heavily proscribed.

Don't excuse poor manners--fix them!

No matter how embarrassing or distressing you find it to broach a subject, who else will? You are the best teacher and ally your child will ever have, so don't ignore inappropriate behavior now in the hope that it will rectify itself. Realistically, you know it won't.

So much is supposed or presumed on the basis of a person being well-spoken, polite, or simply at ease, that it would be silly not to help our children use this as a natural advantage. Blind and visually impaired kids have more reason than most to understand and benefit from the display of easygoing, accepting, and inclusive behavior. Their disability will ensure that they will make more mistakes such as tripping or bumping into others. Where others can make immediate sense of environments and situations by virtue of their eyesight, our children often will need a little more explanation or a little more time to check things out nonvisually.

Oscar Wilde once said, "It is absurd to divide people into good and bad. People are either charming or tedious." This is a credible observation about how even outright flaws can be overlooked if your behavior is acceptable! Do your child a favor--don't excuse bad behavior; correct it!

Giving blind or visually impaired children a strong foundation of good manners will give them the ability to deal with almost any situation with grace and good humor. Currently, my four-year-old daughter waits briefly after saying thank you and, if the desired response is not quickly forthcoming, she will fill it in, saying, "It was your pleasure." It's a delightful and endearing faux pas. And (almost always) she is right!

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